Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 45

FORMULATION
Protein
correspond to human requirements. Currently, protein
quality is measured using the Protein Digestibility
Corrected Amino Acid Score (PDCAAS), where values
can reach a maximum score of 1.00. Milk, casein, whey,
eggs and soy protein all have a maximum score.
This is not to be confused with complete protein,
which defines proteins that contain all nine of the essential
amino acids and can be fully utilized by the body
during the protein synthesis. Animal proteins and quinoa
are complete, but most plant proteins are not, which
is why bakers often blend plant proteins to create one
that is complete.
THE PERCENT DAILY VALUE
FOR PROTEIN IS DETERMINED
USING PDCAAS. THIS
TRANSLATES TO 5 GRAMS
OR 10 GRAMS OF COMPLETE
PROTEIN PER SERVING FOR
EACH RESPECTIVE CLAIM.
Bakers should identify any protein claims they
want to make before setting out to formulate a recipe.
Protein claims labeled as " good " or " excellent " refer to
the amount of complete protein in the product. For a
good claim, the bread must contain 10% to 19% of the
Daily Value for protein. For an excellent claim, it's 20%
or more.
The percent Daily Value for protein is determined using
PDCAAS. This translates to 5 grams or 10 grams of
complete protein per serving for each respective claim.
When making or implying any protein content claim,
the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requires
the inclusion of the percent Daily Value.
For example, a bread containing 10 grams of complete
protein may make an " excellent source of protein "
claim. A bread with 10 grams of protein from peas and
nuts - incomplete proteins - most likely only qualifies
for a " good source of protein " claim, and when doing so,
should not flag 10 grams of protein per serving, as this
is misleading.
" Consumer research shows that most consumers
aren't aware of or aren't able to distinguish that proteins
have differences in protein quality, " said Kimberlee
Burrington, vice president of technical development,
American Dairy Products Institute. " We use the
Nutrition Facts panel to communicate the grams per
serving of protein, but the only way to show a difference
in protein quality is by using the percent Daily Value.
Most products that don't claim anything about the level
GLUTEN-FREE BREAD NEEDS PROTEIN
Going gluten-free requires the elimination
of all forms of wheat, as well as a number
of other popular grains, including barley
and rye. Bakers have long relied on these
grain flours to produce the desirable appearance
and texture of sandwich bread.
" Gluten is so unique in its properties. It
is not easy to replace and have an equivalent
product texturally and with similar
shelf life, " said Dave Lindhorst, technical
services manager, Cargill. " Fortunately,
expanding options in the flour and protein
spaces are helping to provide more nutrition
and structure, complementing the
starches and other ingredients in glutenfree
formulations that do the heavy lifting. "
According to Lindhorst, pea protein also
works well in gluten-free breads. It can
help with moisture retention and browning,
two common issues.
Ardent Mills Bakery Resources recently
introduced a gluten-free ancient grains
baking flour blend.
Pulse flours can be used with starches
and other flours to replace bulk wheat
flour, said Erin Nese, principal technologist,
technical service, Ingredion Inc.
" Pulse flours will add protein, fiber and
micronutrients to the bread while building
crumb structure, " Nese added.
If complete protein is desired, soy - in
its many forms - is an option. Soy concentrates
may even enable a bread that
can be labeled as a protein bread.
" Soy protein concentrates provide binding,
aeration, texture and consistency, "
said Jeff Hodges, manager, bakery, snacks
and confections applications, ADM. " Soy
may also serve as an egg replacement
because its gelling properties mimic the
functionality of eggs in the formulation. "
Animal-free egg protein can be used to
further increase total protein content of
gluten-free bread.
" Our animal-free egg proteins could
serve as a valuable alternative by mimicking
some of the functionalities of gluten,
improving the texture and structure of the
bread, while enhancing the nutritional profile, "
said Chris Landowski, co-founder and
chief technology officer at Onego Bio.
www.bakingbusiness.com / June 2024 Baking & Snack 45
http://www.bakingbusiness.com

Baking & Snack - June 2024

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Baking & Snack - June 2024

Baking & Snack - June 2024 - Intro
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 1
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 2
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 3
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 4
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 5
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 6
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 7
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 8
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 9
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 10
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 11
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 12
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 13
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 14
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 15
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 16
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 17
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 18
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 19
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 20
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 21
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 22
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 23
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 24
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 25
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 26
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 27
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 28
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 29
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 30
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 31
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 32
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 33
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 34
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 35
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 36
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 37
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 38
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 39
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 40
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 41
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 42
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 43
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 44
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 45
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 46
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 47
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 48
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 49
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 50
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 51
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 52
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 53
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 54
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 55
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 56
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 57
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 58
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 59
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 60
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 61
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 62
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 63
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 64
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 65
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 66
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 67
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 68
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 69
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 70
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 71
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 72
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 73
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 74
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 75
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 76
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 77
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 78
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 79
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 80
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 81
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 82
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 83
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 84
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 85
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 86
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 87
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 88
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 89
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 90
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 91
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 92
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 93
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 94
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 95
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 96
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 97
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 98
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 99
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 100
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 101
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 102
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 103
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 104
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 105
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 106
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 107
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 108
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 109
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 110
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 111
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 112
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 113
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 114
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 115
Baking & Snack - June 2024 - 116
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-june-2024
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-may-2024
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-april-2024
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-march-2024
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-february-2024
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-december-2023
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-november-2023
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-october-2023
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-september-2023
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-august-2023
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-july-2023
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-june-2023
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-may-2023
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-april-2023
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-march-2023
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-february-2023
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-december-2022
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-november-2022
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-october-2022
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-september-2022
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-august-2022
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-july-2022
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/-baking-snack-june-2022
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-may-2022
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-april-2022
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-march-2022
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-january-2022
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-december-2021
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-november-2021
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-october-2021
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-september-2021
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-august-2021
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-july-2021
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-june-2021
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-may-2021
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-april-2021
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-march-2021
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/baking-snack-february-2021
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2020_12_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2020_11_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2020_10_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2020_09_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2020_08_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2020_07_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2020_06_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2020_05_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2020_04_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2020_03_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2020_02_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_12_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_11_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_10_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_09_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_08_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_07_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_06_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_05_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_04_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_03_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_02_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_12_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_11_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_10_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_09_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_08_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_07_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_06_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_05_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_04_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2018_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_05_02
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_01_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_11_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_10_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_09_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_08_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_07_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_06_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_05_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_04_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_03_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_02_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2005_12_01
https://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2005_11_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_10_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_09_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_08_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_07_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_06_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_05_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_04_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_03_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_02_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_12_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_11_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_10_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_09_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_08_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_07_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_06_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_05_01
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_04_01
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_03_01
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_02_01
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2003_12_01
https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2003_11_01
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com