Baking & Snack - November 2020 - 79

Optimizing the bake profile is key to preventing
checking, the bane of any cracker producer. An entire
batch of crackers can pass quality assurance tests, be
packaged and sit for 24 hours or even reach the consumer, only to fall a part due to unseen stress fractures.
" Checking is created by uneven moisture distribution, which causes stress gradient development, "
Mr. Hamilton explained. " Stress gradient development is
the rate of moisture migration from the biscuit core to
the outer biscuit surface. "
Evenly removing that moisture in the oven or dryer
keeps checking at bay, and the most straightforward way
to achieve that is through the baking profile in the oven
or dryer. Historically, this has been done with direct-gas
fired (DGF) ovens. These ovens deliver direct, intense
heat that provides the Maillard reaction on the surface of
the cracker and a natural, baked flavor. While this type
of oven is still very effective at providing a well-baked
cracker, convection ovens have provided efficient, even
moisture removal in this application.
" More recently, hybrid oven technology has become

TRANSITIONS ARE
ALWAYS AN OPPORTUNITY
FOR INCONSISTENCIES
OR DAMAGE TO BE
INTRODUCED.
more widespread, " Mr. Zvoncheck said. " Using both
DGF and convection baking is both more efficient and
more uniform than all DGF and allows the moisture to
be baked out of the product more uniformly, thereby
greatly reducing or eliminating checking. "
Many find the perfect bake in a hybrid oven that includes both types of heat transfer.
" A hybrid oven design with the final oven zone or
zones being a direct-forced convection type of heat
transfer will certainly ensure more consistent final prod-

Quality Assurance Sifters
for Food Protection & Consistency
* Gentle, gyratory motion does not
break up foreign materials
* Particles pass naturally through
screens without force
* Exceptional sanitation
to meet your standards
* Easy access for inspection
and maintenance

www.gwmfg.com 800-682-3121

www.bakingbusiness.com / November 2020 Baking & Snack 79


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Baking & Snack - November 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Baking & Snack - November 2020

Baking & Snack - November 2020 - 1
Baking & Snack - November 2020 - 1
Baking & Snack - November 2020 - 2
Baking & Snack - November 2020 - 3
Baking & Snack - November 2020 - 4
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