Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 24

FOOD SAFETY SERIES

Thermal processing acts as
a kill step, destroying microorganisms in raw products and
protecting consumers from
foodborne illnesses.
AIB International

itself (rather than other ingredients like sandwich contents) have been made, the cause has either been unknown or reflective of staff hygiene."
The time and temperature used to bake products are
set to achieve a quality product. "A consequence of this is
that vegetative microorganisms, including yeast used to
raise bread, are killed," Dr. Voysey explained. However,
sometimes spore-formers can survive.
Also, some baked products include cream, cold custard, icing, spices, nuts, or fruit toppings or fillings that
may be prepared without any heat processing. Many
bakery products and their ingredients have a pH greater
than 4.6 and an aw greater than 0.85, which are conditions conducive to the growth of pathogenic bacteria.
For example, custard used in many filled bakery products has a pH that ranges from 5.8-6.6 and is ideal for
salmonella growth.

In a recent study, Kantha Channaiah, PhD, director of
microbiology, AIB International conducted research to
validate a simulated commercial whole wheat multigrain
bread baking process at 375°F for 35 minutes to inactivate salmonella and determine the thermal inactivation
parameters of a 7-serovar salmonella cocktail in whole
wheat multigrain bread dough. Researchers found that
bread water activity profiles on the surface and inside
varied during the baking process. Data provided the basic information on the thermal resistance of salmonella
at the start of the baking process and showed that baking whole wheat multigrain bread at more than 374°F
for at least 16 minutes will control the risk of salmonella.
In 2017, the same group investigated the potential risk
of salmonella in muffins when contamination is introduced via flour and reported that a typical commercial
muffin baking process using an oven temperature of
375°F for at least 17 minutes is an effective kill-step, reducing five log cycles of salmonella.

Validating precautions
According to Erdogan Ceylan, PhD, fellow of Merieux
NutriSciences, the food industry has evolved from locally grown and consumed products to national and
international operations. The globalization of food
production and trade has raised the potential of food
safety issues to an international level. The food industry has done a remarkable job ensuring food safety
not only at the national level but also internationally,
Dr. Ceylan said.
"As part of this effort, food companies - many times
under regulatory guidelines - are required to validate
their operations for safe and quality foods. Process validation studies determine the ability of a specific critical
control point of a HACCP plan to achieve desired food
safety objectives." Dr. Ceylan added.
Under the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA),
every food manufacturing facility registered with FDA
must scientifically demonstrate and document evidence
of the kill-step in baked foods production, according
to AIB International. Through this scientific validation,
bakers can confirm that the thermal process is consistently delivering a desired lethal effect to ensure pathogenic microorganisms' destruction.
"FSMA is an important step in ensuring that the US
food supply is safe by shifting the main focus more on
preventing food safety failures during manufacturing,"
Dr. Channaiah said. "Specifically, the FSMA validation
rule states that human food manufacturing facilities
subject to the preventive control requirements in 21
CFR §117.160 must validate that the preventive controls implemented are adequate to control the potential
hazard as appropriate to the nature of the preventive

24 Baking & Snack June 2019 / www.bakingandsnack.com


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Baking & Snack - June 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Baking & Snack - June 2019

Baking & Snack - June 2019
Contents
Contents
Editorial - A rising tide floats all boats
Newsfront - Oreo connects with young consumers
Flowers CEO discusses the future and Project Centennial
News - Bühler opens CUBIC innovation campus
Nestle USA to exit pizza DSD network
PepsiCo UK launches taste guarantee promotion
Mondelez, Bimbo keeping an eye on CBD
Hostess moving main distribution center to Kansas
In Brief/People
Food Safety Series - PROTECT AGAINST PATHOGENS
Doughnut Peddler - GO EAST, YOUNG MAN
Custom metalwork for signature donuts
Smith family values still guide the company
International Series: Latin America - BRIDGING THE CULTURAL CROSSROAD
Warning labels fuel broader array of health initiatives
Enzymes - A RECURRING REACTION
Inclusions - ENGAGING THE SENSES
TECHNICALLY SPEAKING - ON THE WIND
Cracker Technology - BALANCED CONTROL
Spraying on target
Mixing - ZEN AND THE ART OF MIXING
Icing and Glazing - SMOOTH AS SILK
Line Isolation - HOLD THE LINE
Weighing and Scaling - CONSISTENT ACCURACY
SANITATION STRATEGIES - SOLVE FOR X
Meeting Preview: IBIE - PERFECTING ARTISAN
IBIE Artisan Education
Meeting Preview: Pack Expo - PINNACLE OF PACKAGING
Events
Featured Innovation Center
Ingredients & Formulating
Equipment & Packaging
Patents
New on the Shelf
MARKETPLACE
AD INDEX
NEW PRODUCT SPOTLIGHT
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Baking & Snack - June 2019
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Baking & Snack - June 2019
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 2
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 3
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 4
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 5
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 6
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 7
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 8
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Contents
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 10
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Contents
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Editorial - A rising tide floats all boats
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 13
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 14
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 15
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Flowers CEO discusses the future and Project Centennial
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 17
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Mondelez, Bimbo keeping an eye on CBD
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - In Brief/People
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Food Safety Series - PROTECT AGAINST PATHOGENS
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 21
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 22
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 23
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 24
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 25
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 26
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 27
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 28
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 29
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Doughnut Peddler - GO EAST, YOUNG MAN
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 31
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 32
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 33
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 34
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 35
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Custom metalwork for signature donuts
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 37
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 38
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Smith family values still guide the company
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 40
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 41
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 42
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - International Series: Latin America - BRIDGING THE CULTURAL CROSSROAD
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 44
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 45
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 46
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Warning labels fuel broader array of health initiatives
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 48
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 49
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 50
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Enzymes - A RECURRING REACTION
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 52
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 53
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 54
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 55
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 56
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 57
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 58
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 59
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 60
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Inclusions - ENGAGING THE SENSES
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 62
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 63
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 64
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 65
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 66
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 67
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 68
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 69
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 70
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - TECHNICALLY SPEAKING - ON THE WIND
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 72
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Cracker Technology - BALANCED CONTROL
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Spraying on target
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 75
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 76
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 77
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 78
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 79
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 80
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 81
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 82
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Mixing - ZEN AND THE ART OF MIXING
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 84
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 85
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 86
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 87
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 88
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 89
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 90
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 91
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 92
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 93
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 94
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Icing and Glazing - SMOOTH AS SILK
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 96
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 97
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 98
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 99
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 100
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 101
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 102
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 103
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 104
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Line Isolation - HOLD THE LINE
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 106
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 107
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 108
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 109
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 110
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 111
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 112
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Weighing and Scaling - CONSISTENT ACCURACY
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 114
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 115
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 116
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 117
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 118
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - SANITATION STRATEGIES - SOLVE FOR X
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Meeting Preview: IBIE - PERFECTING ARTISAN
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 121
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - IBIE Artisan Education
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 123
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 124
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Meeting Preview: Pack Expo - PINNACLE OF PACKAGING
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Events
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 127
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 128
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 129
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Featured Innovation Center
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 131
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Ingredients & Formulating
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 133
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 134
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 135
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Equipment & Packaging
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 137
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 138
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 139
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Patents
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 141
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - New on the Shelf
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - MARKETPLACE
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 144
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 145
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 146
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 147
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 148
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 149
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 150
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 151
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 152
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - AD INDEX
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - NEW PRODUCT SPOTLIGHT
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 155
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 156
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https://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2003_11_01
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com