Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 22

FOOD SAFETY SERIES

Eggs can carry pathogens
and create microbial
contaminations in doughs
prior to baking.
©Elena Moiseeva - stock.adobe.com

products. "However, these can be minimized by adopting strategies to prevent post-baking contamination, destroy post-baking contaminants and control the growth
of post-baking contaminants." Dr. Voysey said.
As E.J. Pyler and Laurie Gorton noted in the fourth
edition of Baking Science & Technology, some bakery
products that rely on egg and milk products have been
implicated in salmonella outbreaks. They attributed these
contaminations to carrier employees and unsanitary
equipment and drew a correlation between favorable temperature conditions for microbial multiplication in the
summer months to a rise of outbreaks in that season.
"Baked goods have long been considered 'low risk'
when it comes to food safety. But recent multi-state
outbreaks involving everything from raw flour to peanut butter and shredded coconut have made it clear that
salmonella, STEC E. coli and other dangerous pathogens
can hide out in common baking ingredients, putting
customers at risk," noted Sarah Sorscher, deputy director of regulatory affairs at CSPI.
After outbreaks were caused by consumption of raw
flour products, major flour milling companies developed ready-to-eat flour, which is typically heat treated
and have been available in the market for several years.
In addition, flour mills have taken steps to establish a
safe flour supply.
Thermal processing such as baking or frying is the
most widely used method to kill pathogens in food products and is generally controlled by setting a time-temperature target required for the destruction of pathogenic and
food spoilage microorganisms, inactivation of enzymes,
and desired changes to product flavor, color and texture.
However, the effectiveness of the thermal process primarily depends on the heat resistance of microorganisms and
widely varies depending on factors such as water activity,
pH and fat content. Due to the widely varied formulation
of bakery products, parameters of the thermal process
should be controlled and verified for each case.

22 Baking & Snack June 2019 / www.bakingandsnack.com

According to the US Food & Drug Administration
(FDA), heat treatment is a common lethality process
control and exists at two levels: heat treatment that leads
to commercial sterility and heat treatment that reduces
pathogens but does not lead to commercial sterility.
Commercial sterility requires heat processing at high
temperatures (greater than 212°F) under pressure with
the objective of killing all forms of microorganisms, including the spores of bacteria. These treated products

The globalization of food
production and trade has
raised the potential of
food safety issues to an
international level.
are shelf-stable. In some cases, lower temperatures can
lead to shelf-stable products when the pH is low enough
to prevent growth of surviving spore formers. Heat processing at lower temperatures, between 158 and 212°F,
will kill the vegetative forms of microorganisms but will
have little to no effect on bacteria spores, resulting in a
heat treatment that reduces pathogens without reaching
sterility. These treated products are not shelf-stable and
require controls such as refrigeration to inhibit spores of
bacterial pathogens.
"Cooking usually results in significant microbiological kill - effectively resulting in a pasteurized product.
In terms of microbiological safety, incidents where consumer health has been compromised often represent
issues with the outgrowth of bacterial spores not destroyed under normal processing conditions," said Dr.
Anton Aldric of Campden BRI, Chipping Campden,
UK. "Where reports of food poisoning linked to bread


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Baking & Snack - June 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Baking & Snack - June 2019

Baking & Snack - June 2019
Contents
Contents
Editorial - A rising tide floats all boats
Newsfront - Oreo connects with young consumers
Flowers CEO discusses the future and Project Centennial
News - Bühler opens CUBIC innovation campus
Nestle USA to exit pizza DSD network
PepsiCo UK launches taste guarantee promotion
Mondelez, Bimbo keeping an eye on CBD
Hostess moving main distribution center to Kansas
In Brief/People
Food Safety Series - PROTECT AGAINST PATHOGENS
Doughnut Peddler - GO EAST, YOUNG MAN
Custom metalwork for signature donuts
Smith family values still guide the company
International Series: Latin America - BRIDGING THE CULTURAL CROSSROAD
Warning labels fuel broader array of health initiatives
Enzymes - A RECURRING REACTION
Inclusions - ENGAGING THE SENSES
TECHNICALLY SPEAKING - ON THE WIND
Cracker Technology - BALANCED CONTROL
Spraying on target
Mixing - ZEN AND THE ART OF MIXING
Icing and Glazing - SMOOTH AS SILK
Line Isolation - HOLD THE LINE
Weighing and Scaling - CONSISTENT ACCURACY
SANITATION STRATEGIES - SOLVE FOR X
Meeting Preview: IBIE - PERFECTING ARTISAN
IBIE Artisan Education
Meeting Preview: Pack Expo - PINNACLE OF PACKAGING
Events
Featured Innovation Center
Ingredients & Formulating
Equipment & Packaging
Patents
New on the Shelf
MARKETPLACE
AD INDEX
NEW PRODUCT SPOTLIGHT
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Baking & Snack - June 2019
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Baking & Snack - June 2019
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 2
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 3
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 4
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 5
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 6
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 7
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 8
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Contents
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 10
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Contents
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Editorial - A rising tide floats all boats
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 13
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 14
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 15
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Flowers CEO discusses the future and Project Centennial
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 17
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Mondelez, Bimbo keeping an eye on CBD
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - In Brief/People
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Food Safety Series - PROTECT AGAINST PATHOGENS
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 21
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 22
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 23
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 24
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 25
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 26
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 27
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 28
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 29
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Doughnut Peddler - GO EAST, YOUNG MAN
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 31
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 32
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 33
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 34
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 35
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Custom metalwork for signature donuts
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 37
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 38
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Smith family values still guide the company
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 40
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 41
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 42
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - International Series: Latin America - BRIDGING THE CULTURAL CROSSROAD
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 44
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 45
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 46
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Warning labels fuel broader array of health initiatives
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 48
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 49
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 50
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Enzymes - A RECURRING REACTION
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 52
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 53
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 54
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 55
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 56
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 57
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 58
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 59
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 60
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Inclusions - ENGAGING THE SENSES
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 62
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 63
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 64
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 65
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 66
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 67
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 68
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 69
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 70
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - TECHNICALLY SPEAKING - ON THE WIND
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 72
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Cracker Technology - BALANCED CONTROL
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Spraying on target
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 75
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 76
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 77
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 78
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 79
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 80
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 81
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 82
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Mixing - ZEN AND THE ART OF MIXING
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 84
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 85
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 86
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 87
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 88
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 89
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 90
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 91
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 92
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 93
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 94
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Icing and Glazing - SMOOTH AS SILK
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 96
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 97
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 98
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 99
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 100
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 101
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 102
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 103
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 104
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Line Isolation - HOLD THE LINE
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 106
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 107
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 108
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 109
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 110
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 111
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 112
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Weighing and Scaling - CONSISTENT ACCURACY
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 114
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 115
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 116
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 117
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 118
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - SANITATION STRATEGIES - SOLVE FOR X
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Meeting Preview: IBIE - PERFECTING ARTISAN
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 121
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - IBIE Artisan Education
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 123
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 124
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Meeting Preview: Pack Expo - PINNACLE OF PACKAGING
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Events
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 127
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 128
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 129
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Featured Innovation Center
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 131
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Ingredients & Formulating
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 133
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 134
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 135
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Equipment & Packaging
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 137
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 138
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 139
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - Patents
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 141
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - New on the Shelf
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - MARKETPLACE
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 144
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 145
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 146
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 147
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 148
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 149
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 150
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 151
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 152
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - AD INDEX
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - NEW PRODUCT SPOTLIGHT
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 155
Baking & Snack - June 2019 - 156
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https://www.nxtbookmedia.com