Baking & Snack - August 2018 - 69

FORMULATION
Fiber

A Defining Decision

Federal fiber ruling presents an innovation

opportunity for formulators.

by Donna Berry

D

Despite the current government deregulation trend, the
US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently published long-overdue final guidance on fiber ingredients,
providing bakers with clarity in labeling and motivation to boost the fiber content of baked goods. The June
posting in the Federal Register recognized an additional
eight non-digestible carbohydrates as fiber, a nutrient of
concern in the American diet.
FDA's newly recognized fibers include inulin and
inulin-type fructans, including chicory root fiber; highamylose starch (resistant starch 2); polydextrose; mixed
plant cell wall fibers, including sugar cane fiber and apple fiber; arabinoxylan; alginate; galactooligosaccharide;
and resistant maltodextrin/dextrin.
The supporting research clearly showed that these fibers support physiological health benefits as assessed by
FDA's strict criteria. "The problem with the original proposed definition of fiber was that FDA provided a very
limited list of ingredients that had been determined to
have physiological effects that are beneficial to human
health," said Scott Turowski, technical manager, Sensus
America. "This list excluded the majority of ingredients
currently utilized in the market as sources of dietary fiber."

A loaded toolbox
There's long been a plethora of varied fiber ingredients
available to bakers. Now, bakers can choose wisely based

on functional performance in the application and desired label claims. In some instances, claims may be specific health benefits, where other times it's simply a fiber
content claim.
"Selecting the right type of fiber is critical," said
Patrick Luchsinger, marketing manager, nutrition,
Ingredion, Inc. "Different fibers, for example, can be
used to enhance texture - from crunchy to chewy
to soft - as well as control moisture or reduce calories. They can be used to maintain volume and dimensional stability while increasing the shelf life of baked
products."
Of the recently recognized non-digestible carbohydrate fibers, chicory root fiber - also known as inulin
- is commonly used in baked goods. Depending on the
supplier and the specific composition, it may appear on
ingredient statements as chicory root fiber (vegetable
fiber), fructooligosaccharide (scFOS), oligosaccharide,
chicory extract, chicory fiber or fructan.
"In baked goods, chicory root fiber acts as a bulking
agent, replacing the bulk left from sugar reduction," said
Bill Gilbert, certified master baker, principal food technologist, Cargill. "We generally recommend replacing
sugar one-to-one with chicory root fiber. While many
bulking agents result in finished products with a crisper
or firmer texture, chicory root fiber more closely mimics
the texture of its full-sugar counterpart."

Nutritional claims are
only one aspect of fiber's
benefits. Others include
texture and flavor.
┬ęchuck - stock.adobe.com

www.bakingandsnack.com / August 2018 Baking & Snack 69


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Baking & Snack - August 2018

http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_05_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_04_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_03_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_02_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_12_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_11_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_10_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_09_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_08_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_07_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_06_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_05_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_04_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2018_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_05_02
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_12_01
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http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_12_01
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http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_12_01
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http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2005_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2005_11_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_10_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_09_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_08_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_07_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_06_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_05_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_04_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_03_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_02_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_12_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_11_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_10_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_09_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_08_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_07_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_06_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_05_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_04_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_03_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_02_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2003_12_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2003_11_01
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